Resop wants ‘five or 25′


BRADENTON, Fla. — Reliever Chris Resop will start today against the Phillies. His goal? “Five innings or 25 pitches, whichever comes first,” Resop told me with a smile. Jeff Karstens will pitch in a minor league game at Pirate City. This way, Karstens can get in as much work as he can — he’s gone five innings in his past two outings, and is shooting for six or seven today — against the minors guys and the relievers also can get their work in against the Phils.

»»» I got a text last night from lefty reliever John Grabow, who yesterday opted out of his minor league contract with the Dodgers. Grabow always said he enjoyed pitching for the Pirates, and reiterated he wouldn’t mind coming back. However, the Pirates so far haven’t shown any interest. GM Neal Huntington has indicated there’s nothing on the free-agent market that they would chase after doggedly. Part of the reason is there’s mostly table scraps on the market at this stage. Another reason is the Burnett trade pushed the Pirates a lot closer to their payroll budget for the year; Huntington needs to save some bullets for the trade deadline, just in case.

»»» No cuts today, but I get the feeling there could be a few moves made Wednesday or Thursday.

»»» BTW, the Astros cut lefty Zach Duke this morning. Duke had been in the running for a long-relief job, but was shelled in his last outing.

Spring game No. 23: Pirates v. Phillies, 1:05 p.m., Clearwater, Fla.

Pirates (8-14): 1. Alex Presley lf, 2. Josh Harrison ss, 3. Jose Tabata rf, 3. Andrew McCutchen cf, 5. Casey McGehee 1b, 6. Yamaico Navarro 2b, 7. Pedro Alvarez 3b, 8. Matt Hague dh 9. Michael McKenry c. Chris Resop rhp

Also scheduled to pitch: Joel Hanrahan, Daniel Moskos and Ryota Igarashi

Phillies (10-13-3): 1. Shane Victorino cf, 2. Placido Polanco 3b, 3. Hunter Pence rf, 4. Jim Thome 1b, 5. Laynce Nix lf, 6. Pete Orr ss, 7. Brian Schneider c, 8. Freddy Galvis 2b, 9. Cliff Lee lhp


Alvarez back in lineup


BRADENTON, Fla. — After sitting out the past three games with a sore left knee, Pedro Alvarez will be back in the lineup tonight against the Orioles. In fact, the lineup looks a lot like I’d expect it to be on Opening Day.

Yesterday, GM Neal Huntington gave Alvarez a rather powerful vote of confidence, saying the third baseman’s hitting woes will not net him a trip back to Indy to start the season. I took note when Huntington said Alvarez “did what he needed to do this offseason; he’s in good physical shape.” Alvarez turned down the Pirates’ suggestions that he play winter ball and instead worked out in California with a personal trainer.

“I have a little more flexibility in my swing and I’m able to stay through some balls and let the ball get deep,” Alvarez said. “It’s (about being) not so tense because (that’s when) all your muscles are so tight and wound up. I get that whip and can really use my hands, and separate my bigger pec muscles and back muscles and … ” Alvarez paused and laughed. “I’m getting a little too technical,” he said.

Alvarez also added a toe tap to his swing as a timing mechanism, and has admitted it’s taken a while to feel comfortable with the new mechanics. “He uses it to gather himself, get himself in a position where he feels athletic,” manager Clint Hurdle said. “When that front foot hits the ground, he needs to be in a good foundation, with his hands in a strong position, to get to the ball and stay through it.”

»»» Righty Chris Resop will start tomorrow against the Phillies. Joel Hanrahan (who pitched earlier today in a camp game at Pirate City) Daniel Moskos and Ryota Igarashi also are scheduled to pitch. Jeff Karstens will start a minor league game at Pirate City. it’s likely set up that way so Karstens can work deep into the game to build arm strength, while the relievers can get in their work in the other game.

»»» There were 1,655 votes cast in the Trib fan poll, which asked you to ID the greatest center fielder in Pirates history. The final results: 1. Andy Van Slyke (634 votes, 38 percent), 2. Lloyd Waner (336 votes, 20 percent), 3. Bill Virdon (253 votes, 15 percent), 4. Al Oliver (101 votes, 6 percent), 5. Omar Moreno (89 votes, 5 percent), 6. Andrew McCutchen (79 votes, 5 percent), 7. Max Carey (67 votes, 4 percent), 8. Matty Alou (60 votes, 4 percent), 9. Kiki Cuyler (35 votes, 2 percent).

Spring game No. 22: Orioles v. Pirates, 7:05 p.m., Bradenton, Fla.

Orioles (9-9): 1. Nolan Reimold lf, 2. JJ Hardy ss, 3. Nick Markakis rf, 4. Adam Jones cf, 5. Matt Wieters c, 6. Mark Reynolds 3b, 7. Wilson Betemit 1b, 8. Ronny Paulino dh, 9. Robert Andino 2b. Tommy Hunter rhp

Pirates (8-13): 1. Alex Presley lf, 2. Jose Tabata rf, 3. Andrew McCutchen cf, 4. Neil Walker 2b, 5. Garrett Jones 1b, 6. Rod Barajas c, 7. Pedro Alvarez 3b, 8. Clint Barmes ss, 9. Erik Bedard lhp

Also scheduled to pitch: Juan Cruz, Tony Watson and Jason Grilli


GM: Alvarez needs MLB playing time

Pedro Alvarez hasn't played since Thursday due to inflammation in his left knee (Getty Images photo)
Pedro Alvarez hasn't played since Thursday due to inflammation in his left knee (Getty Images photo)

KISSIMMEE, Fla. — It was not quite a message of unconditional support, but it was close. A few minutes ago, as the final notes of the National Anthem faded on the P.A. system at Osceola Sports Complex, GM Neal Huntington insisted the Pirates are not considering sending slumping third baseman Pedro Alvarez to Triple-A Indy to start the season.

“We’ll see where he is health-wise,” Huntington began. “But, the rumors of him starting at Triple-A have never come from the Pirates. It’s been outside speculation. It’s not what we’ve thought (of doing). We asked him to do some things coming into spring training. He’s done those. He’s going through a tough stretch right now. Are we going to be able to get him out of it? We believe we will.”

Huntington was asked whether Alvarez would benefit from more playing time in the minors. “There are times when guys are able to get away with flaws at Triple-A that they can’t get away with at the major league level,” Huntington said. “He may be one of those guys. We can’t put too much stock in Triple-A performance, good or bad, or spring training performance, good or bad. He did what he needed to do this offseason, he’s in good physical shape. For a long time this spring, he was swinging the bat well; he’s gone through a tough stretch (recently). It’s not the first or last time he’s going to go through a tough stretch. The microscope just happens to be a lot sharper on Pedro right now. He just needs to relax and play. The ability is there. He’s going to be a good big league player. He’s going to be a threat in the batter’s box. He’s got to let it play.”

Management had hoped to get Alvarez a lot of at-bats down the stretch, but he hasn’t played since Thursday due to what the team says is minor soreness in his left knee. There is a chance he might get in some swings Monday in a camp game at Pirate City.

In 13 spring training games, Alvarez is batting .133 with two homers and three RBI. He has struck out in 13 of his 31 plate appearances. His on-base percentage is .156. Those poor numbers are similar to where he was at the end of the 2011 season, which was interrupted by a quad injury and a rehab stint at Indy.

“We don’t want to respond over-the-top to either good or bad (stats),” Huntington said. “Certainly, there are some areas of concern. There’s been some positive signs as well. How do we best put him and us in a position to be successful? Right now, the knee doesn’t seem to be that big of an issue. We’ve got to make sure we handle it conservatively and put him in a position to be successful, and get him the necessary at-bats to get him going.”


Theft prevention

Clint Barmes can't handle the throw as Mike Aviles steals second base. (Getty Images photo)
Clint Barmes can't handle the throw as Mike Aviles steals second base. (Getty Images photo)

KISSIMMEE, Fla. — The Pirates have 18 stolen bases this spring, which is tied for seventh among the 16 NL clubs. Their opponents have swiped 25 bags. Obviously, the Pirates need to do a better job controlling the running game.

“We’re working on it every day,” manager Clint Hurdle said. “Sometimes, there are some guys who need to be a little more efficient. We’ve got some guys who have to improve their release times. And we can still improve on our accuracy, throwing to second base. More often than not, it’s been good (runners’) counts and they pick their spots well — we have work to do there.”

»»» The Astros have a split-squad today, and ex-Bucco Zach Duke is starting for Houston in Orlando against the Braves. The lefty has a decent shot to crack the Astros’ rotation; failing that, he’d probably make the team as a long reliever.

»»» The Pirates will face the Orioles tomorrow on fireworks night at McKechnie Field. Erik Bedard will start for the Pirates against O’s righty Tommy Hunter. Juan Cruz, Tony Watson and Jason Grilli also are slated to pitch. Kevin Correia and Joel Hanrahan will pitch in a camp game at Pirate City.

Spring game No. 21: Pirates v. Astros, 1:05 p.m., Kissimmee, Fla.

Pirates (7-13): 1. Alex Presley lf, 2. Josh Harrison 3b, 3. Clint Barmes ss, 4. Casey McGehee 1b, 5. Rod Barajas c, 6. Yamaico Navarro 2b, 7. Nate McLouth cf, 8. Jake Fox dh, Erik Fryer rf. Brad Lincoln rhp

Also scheduled to pitch: Daniel Moskos, Evan Meek, Jared Hughes and Chris Leroux

Astros (11-9): 1. JB Shuck cf, 2. Jed Lowrie ss, 3. JD Martinez lf, 4. Carlos Lee 1b, 5. Brian Bogusevic rf, 6. Chris Snyder c, 7. Brett Wallace 3b, 8. Jose Altuve 2b, 9. J.A. Happ lhp


Burnett throws BP

AJ Burnett throws batting practice this morning.
AJ Burnett throws batting practice this morning.


BRADENTON, Fla. — This morning, A.J. Burnett threw live batting practice at McKechnie Field. It was his third time throwing off a mound and the first time he’d faced batters. Working out of the stretch half the time, the right-hander threw to Michael McKenry and Garrett Jones.

The team watched from the dugout, while manager Clint Hurdle, the coaching staff, GM Neal Huntington and assistant GM Kyle Stark observed on the field. Prez Frank Coonelly looked on from the seats down the first-base line.

When Burnett finished, he walked off the mound, raised his arms and looked around expectantly for cheers. He exchanged high-fives as he went back to the dugout.

»»» Four players were cut this morning. Jordy Mercer was optioned to Triple-A Indy. Shairon Martis, Jo-Jo Reyes and Doug Slaten were reassigned to minor league camp. Huntington said Mercer will play second base at Indy, with Chase d’Arnaud as the primary shortstop. “(Mercer) can do some things defensively and he’s maturing as a hitter,” Huntington said. “A lot of it is going to be his versatility — his ability to play second and third as well as his ability to play short — along with his consistency at the plate.”

Reyes will begin the season at Indy, but Huntington isn’t ready to define whether Reyes will be a reliever or starter.

Thirty-five players remain in camp.

»»» The Pirates are casting about for lefty help in the bullpen, but are not interested in any of the free agents still available, such as ex-Bucco Mike Gonzalez.

Spring game No. 20: Astros v. Pirates, 1:05 p.m., Bradenton, Fla.

Astros (10-9): 1. J.B. Shuck cf, 2. Angel Sanchez ss, 3. Brian Bogusevic rf, 4. J.D. Martinez lf, 5. Brett Wallace 1b, 6. Matt Downs 3b, 7. Juan Castro c, 8. Joe Thurston 2b, 9. Kyle Weiland rhp

Pirates (7-12): 1. Alex Presley lf, 2. Josh Harrison ss, 3. Jose Tabata rf, 4. Andrew McCutchen cf, 5. Neil Walker 2b, 6. Garrett Jones 1b, 7. Yamaico Navarro 3b, 8. Michael McKenry c, 9. James McDonald rhp

Also scheduled to pitch: Chris Resop, Ryota Igarashi and Daniel Moskos


Sanchez guns ‘em down

Tony Sanchez couldn't stop Michael Martinez from scoring in the eighth inning, but he did gun down two would-be base-stealers. (AP photo)
Tony Sanchez couldn't stop Michael Martinez from scoring in the eighth inning, but he did gun down two would-be base-stealers. (AP photo)

BRADENTON, Fla. — Catcher Tony Sanchez went 2 for 2 today throwing out runners trying to steal second base. He nabbed Kevin Frandsen in the eighth inning and Tyson Gillies in the ninth. Although the throws escaped the attention of the big part of the sellout crowd that bolted for the gates late in the game, they did not go unnoticed by manager Clint Hurdle.

“To me, (what was worth) the price of admission today (were) the two throws by Tony Sanchez,” Hurdle said. “You’re not going to see many catchers unload quicker and more accurate than that, with that kind of velocity. They were both 1.85 (seconds) release time. He’s had a better, more comfortable spring. He’s receiving the ball well. He gets down to his knees to block (a ball) as quick as anyone I’ve ever had. He’s fun to watch. He found his comfort zone today.”

»»» Starling Marte’s batting average “slumped” to .563 after he went 0 for 2 today. So much for feasting on fastballs. Marte is being fed a lot more spinners and offspeed junk than he was at the start of spring training. “Word gets around,” Hurdle said.

»»» Righty Charlie Morton put a pair of runners on base in each of the two innings he pitched, yet did not allow a run. “I got in some situations I didn’t want to be in, which I think is a good thing,” Morton said. “I was able to get out of them. That’s the kind of thing I like to have happen, especially in the first few (spring games). Now I can start zeroing in on what I want to work on and things that I did well, things that I didn’t do well and all that good stuff. I’ve been asked, ‘What’s working for you? What feels good?’ I’m just like, ‘I don’t know.’ I can’t tell you till I get in a situation like that.”

»»» Including the two frames today by Morton, Pirates starting pitchers have strung together 10 scoreless innings over the past four games. They’ve yielded just one earned run in their past 19 2/3 innings.

»»» Phillies starter Vance Worley was unhittable. He racked up eight strikeouts in four innings and none of the four batters who made contact hit the ball out of the infield. “It’s too early to strike out a bunch of guys,” Worley said. “I’d rather get contact, because that helps you get deeper into games. Today, I happened to get a lot of swings and misses and some takes in there, too. If they’re going to give them to me, I’ll take them.”

»»» Catcher Michael McKenry got six RBI — including a three-run triple and a two-run homer — in the 8-2 scrimmage win against the Netherlands. “It was a great day,” McKenry said. “But more importantly, (pitchers Jeff) Karstens and (Daniel) McCutchen were really good. We played really good baseball today.” Karstens tossed four scoreless innings, allowed give hits and struck out four. McCutchen gave up a hit and a run in two innings’ work. However, because it wasn’t a Grapefruit League game, none of that counts toward the official spring training stats.

»»» Kevin Goldstein at Baseball Prospectus ranked the Pirates’ farm system No. 8 overall this year. He likes all the high-end pitching talent, but said the system still lacks overall depth. His top three are the Padres, Blue Jays and Cardinals.


Things could get interesting


BRADENTON, Fla. — It’s already been a newsier-than-usual camp for the Pirates, with the AJ Burnett trade and Andrew McCutchen’s new contract. But we’re about to transition to the stretch of spring training when things will heat up in both Florida and Arizona, and that could affect who stays on and who goes off the Pirates’ roster.

“The first two to three weeks of spring training, it’s almost a true inventory of what you have,” GM Neal Huntington said. “It’s actually one of the quieter times. The next week or so is when trade conversations will start, guys are out of options, there are extra players for whatever reason (such as) somebody stepped forward for another team and now player ‘X’ becomes available so the conversations start up. Just different cycles.”

»»» Jim Duquette and Mike Ferin from MLB Network Radio on XM will broadcast from McKechnie Field from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. today. Also, my bud Ken Laird of TribLive Radio is broadcasting from the bullpen at McKechnie from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. You can listen to Ken chat with Pedro Alvarez, Neil Walker and others here.

»»» Tom Prince will receive the Chuck Tanner “We Are Fam-a-lee” Fund Award before this afternoon’s game. Prince is the club’s minor league hitting coordinator and manager of rookie league Bradenton. The award is given annually to a minor league staffer who best exemplifies Tanner’s optimism, enthusiasm, work ethic and leadership.

»»» Not to jinx it, but … Pirates starters have tossed eight scoreless innings over the past three games and have been charged with just one earned run in their past 17.2 innings. Don’t forget, the starters are only working two or three innings per game at this point.

»»» Tuesday is the first of two off days this spring for the Pirates. It’s also an off day for me, as I’ll be flying back to Pittsburgh to spend a few days with my family. I’ll leave y’nz in the more-than-capable hands of Dejan Kovacevic. Be sure to follow his blog and tweets (@Dejan_Kovacevic) the next week or so.

»»» Wednesday, James McDonald will start against the Orioles and righty Jake Arietta. Jason Grilli, Evan Meek, Jared Hughes and Shairon Martis also are scheduled to pitch for the Pirates.

Spring game No. 10: Phillies v. Pirates, 1:05 p.m., Bradenton, Fla.

Pirates (3-6): 1. Alex Presley lf, 2. Nate McLouth rf, 3. Andrew McCutchen cf, 4. Neil Walker 2b, 5. Casey McGehee 1b, 6. Garrett Jones dh, 7. Pedro Alvarez 3b, 8. Clint Barmes ss, 9. Eric Fryer c, Charlie Morton rhp

Also scheduled to pitch: Brad Lincoln, Kyle McPherson, Juan Cruz and Ryota Igarashi.

Phillies (4-5): 1. Jimmy Rollins ss, 2. Juan Pierre lf, 3. Shane Victorino dh, 4. Laynce Nix 1b, 5. Carlos Ruiz c, 6. Scott Podsednik rf, 7. Tyson Gillies cf, 8. Pete Orr 3b, 9. Michael Martinez 2b. Vance Worley rhp

Pirates v. Netherlands, 1:05 p.m., St. Petersburg, Fla.

Pirates: 1. Robbie Grossman cf, 2. Josh Harrison ss, 3. Jeff Clement 1b, 4. Nick Evans 3b, 5. Brandon Boggs rf, 6. Jake Fox lf, 7. Anderson Hernandez 2b, 8. Michael McKenry c, 9. Jeff Karstens rhp

Also scheduled to pitch: Daniel McCutchen, Jeff Locke and Rudy Owens


Fox keeps fighting


PORT CHARLOTTE, Fla. — In the ninth inning today, Jake Fox hammered a curveball from Rays reliever Josh Lueke for a majestic, solo home run to left field. The two-out, pinch-hit blast gave the Pirates a 3-2 lead, although the Rays came up with two in the bottom of the inning to win it.

“All I was trying to do was square the ball up,” Fox said. “He doubled up on a pitch that I just missed a couple pitches before, a curveball. I hooked it foul the first time. It was just a little bit of an adjustment, waiting a hair of a second longer, and I kept it fair.”

Fox, 29, hopes to make the roster as a bench guy. A year ago, he stuck with the Orioles out of spring training, but wound up back in the minors after batting .246 in 27 games. “I’m at the point in my career where I know it’s not handed to you; I’ve got to fight for it,” Fox said. “I know that to get to where I want to go, I first have to be good coming off the bench in situations like that, where I just put a quality at-bat together. Try to square up a ball every time. I think now they trust me to come off the bench and put together a quality at-bat, good results or not. That’s the hard part. That’s what I learned from last year. I was all results-oriented because I was trying to make the team. Once we got to the regular season, it got me into a few bad habits. Because pitchers miss in spring training more than in the season. It took me a while to get out of those bad habits. This year, I’m concentrating more on my approach at the plate, making sure I’m seeing the ball, swinging at pitches I should swing at and holding off the rest.”

»»» Neil Walker said his back felt fine after playing six innings at second base and going 0 for 3 at the plate, He sat out the previous four games due to tightness in his lower back. If he still feels good tomorrow, he likely will be in the lineup against the Phillies.

»»» Rod Barajas played today, but after the game caught a flight to San Diego so he can be with his wife for the birth of their seventh — seventh!!! — child. If all goes well, Barajas will fly back to Florida on Wednesday, work out Thursday and play Friday against the Phillies. Tuesday is the first of two off days for the Pirates this spring.


Correia motivated to stay healthy

The dugouts at Charlotte Sports Park are unusually large, for whatever reason.
The dugouts at Charlotte Sports Park are unusually large, for whatever reason.

PORT CHARLOTTE, Fla. — After putting together a solid first half last season and earning an All-Star nod, righty Kevin Correia was disappointed to sit out the final month due to a strained oblique. “I usually pitch well toward the end of a season, so I always look forward to those last couple of months,” Correia said. “But there as nothing I could do about.” Is that motivation this year? “Yeah. I don’t feel like I did what I wanted to last year. I like finishing a season. I don’t get hurt a lot. I like being out there for the whole year. That’s my goal this year.”

»»» Nate McLouth has a five-game hitting streak and has reached base safely in all six of the games in which he has played. He did not make the trip down to Port Charlotte for today’s game.

»»» Charlie Morton will make his spring tomorrow against the Phillies. Brad Lincoln, Kyle McPherson, Juan Cruz and Ryota Igarashi also are slated to pitch.

»»» Jeff Karstens, Daniel McCutchen, Jeff Locke and Rudy Owens are scheduled to pitch Monday against the Netherlands. Among the players who will will make the trip to St. Pete for the game are Michael McKenry, Jeff Clement, Jake Fox, Brandon Boggs and Robbie Grossman.

Spring game No. 9: Pirates v Rays, 1:05 p.m., Port Charlotte, Fla.

Pirates (3-5): 1. Alex Presley lf, 2. Jose Tabata rf, 3. Andrew McCutchen cf, 4. Neil Walker 2b, 5. Garrett Jones 1b, 6. Rod Barajas c, 7. Pedro Alvarez 3b, 8. Clint Barmes ss, 9. Kevin Correia rhp

Also scheduled to pitch for the Pirates: Justin Wilson, Daniel Moskos, Doug Slaten, Jared Hughes and Bryan Morris.

Rays (2-6-1): 1. Sam Fuld cf, 2. Carlos Pena 1b, 3. Evan Longoria 3b, 4. Luke Scott dh, 5. Jose Molina c, 6. Reid Brignac ss, 7. Jesus Feliciano lf, 8. Brandon Guyer rf, 9. Will Rhymes 2b. Jeff Niemann rhp


Bucs will stay on the run


BRADENTON, Fla. — Nate McLouth reached base twice today, but each time was thrown out trying to steal second. Manager Clint Hurdle isn’t concerned, though — McLouth was the victim of a blown call by the umpire on one attempt and the other came on a pitch-out — and said the Pirates will continue to be aggressive on the bases. “We’re going to run,” Hurdle said. “I’m very happy with our effort on the bases. We didn’t try to steal third base one time as a ballclub last year, which is mind-boggling to me. I can understand you don’t want to give up outs, but the opportunities are there. (Alex Presley) went the other day and was out. When he looked at the tape, the first thing he said was, ‘I could’ve gotten a bigger lead.’ We’re going to try to push the envelope and maximize our leads, get really good secondary leads. Everybody can become a better baserunner. It’s on everybody to improve.”

»»» Lefty Erik Bedard looked sharp today in the 4-2 loss to the Twins: three innings, 30 pitches, one hit and three strikeouts. “He had good command of his fastball and he spun the ball extremely well, which made his fastball look even quicker,” Hurdle said.

»»» A.J. Burnett is back in camp after having surgery in Pittsburgh to repair his shattered orbital bone. Burnett found at least some upside to his situation: “My wife did a little (apartment) hunting the day after my surgery. And I got to see my oldest (son’s) birthday for the first time in 10 years, so things happen for a reason.”

EyePatch»»» You’ve probably seen the photo-shopped pictures on the Internet of Burnett wearing a pirate-style eye patch. He’s aware of them, but said he hasn’t seen them. “I don’t do Facebook. I don’t do Twitter. I’m a grown-up,” Burnett said. “But I think it’s great. If you can’t laugh at yourself about certain things, then you’ve got problems.”

»»» The Pirates are hitting .310 as a team. Today was the sixth game in a row they’ve collected at least 10 hits. “It’s nice to see,” Hurdle said. “Our at-bats are better throughout the lineup. We’ve had more two-strike hits. We’re putting balls in play and getting down the lines. We believe it will catch on.”

»»» Ryan Doumit did make the trip here today. But he recently told my pal Chip Scoggins of the Star-Tribune that “it was time for a change of scenery,” so he signed with the Twins.

»»» The Pirates’ lineup for Sunday’s game against the Rays: 1. Alex Presley lf, 2. Jose Tabata rf, 3. Andrew McCutchen cf, 4. Neil Walker 2b, 5. Garrett Jones 1b, 6. Rod Barajas c, 7. Pedro Alvarez 3b, 8. Clint Barmes ss, 9. Kevin Correia rhp

Also scheduled to pitch for the Pirates: Justin Wilson, Daniel Moskos, Doug Slaten, Jared Hughes and Bryan Morris.